INFORMATION ON BECOMING A FREIGHT FORWARDER
 
The information below is available on the website (www.融合.政府)转到海运中介人(OTI)部分(右栏第二项). 在那里 is 填写许可证申请和提交保证书的表格和说明.  有关如何成为货运代理及无船营运公共承运人的资料摘要,请参阅下文。.   
 
如果您希望经营一家美国公司,并申请美国实体的许可证,您将做以下工作:
 
  • Is there a test to obtain a license to become an OTI or 货运代理/NVOCC?
成为远洋运输中介人不需要通过考试获得执照, 其中包括货运代理和/或无船经营公共承运人的牌照. 它们是独立和不同的,但实体可以申请并获得两者的许可.  The fee mentioned below is not doubled if an entity applies as both.
 
  • What is a 货运代理?
货运代理是出口商的代理,负责安排货物运输和完成国际运输所需的相关单据服务.  他们的服务 包括, 但并不局限于, providing export quotations to potential US shippers or foreign buyers, 航线和订舱货物, 并安排从出发地到最终目的地的运输. 货运代理也要准备或协助准备完成运输所需的文件, advise US 政府ernment export requirements, 和 document the shipment for customs clearance into the destination country. 附加服务,如信用证下的资金托收或其他方式以及 安排 of marine cargo insurance may also be provided.  所有服务都取决于要求和与出口商的协议记录. 请注意,使用货运代理或任何其他方,并不免除出口商 责任 to comply with export 规定. 海洋货运代理由联邦海事委员会(46 CFR 515)许可.2) 和 you can verify a valid licensed Ocean Transportation Intermediary at www.融合.政府.  航空货运代理保持一个IATA号码,是由运输安全管理局管理的间接航空承运人.  
 
  • What are the requirements for obtaining a license?
获发远洋运输中介货运代理牌照的基本要求载于第46条C.F.R. 申请过程是通过填写表格FMC-18来完成的,格式可以是纸质的(打字和复印的),也可以是电子的.  Upon submission, an application fee of $825.00 is required for paper format.  If filed electronically, currently an application fee of $250 is required.  Once you elect to file electronically, no paper documentation will be permitted, except for the application fee, e.g.、支票或汇票,以及一份原签署的申请第G部(证明).
 
Steps to Obtaining a License
The applicant must first determine whether it will be a sole proprietor, partnership or a corporation. 如有人有意成为独资经营者,牌照将以他/她的姓名及他们所使用的商号发出. The ownership 和 any affiliations must be identified on the form.  这不仅涉及对外贸易,而且包括所有的商业活动.
 
The applicant must identify the Qualifying Individual (QI). This person must be of good character, 谁在美国航运业的运输//货运处理/计费/租船/货物处理部分至少有3年相关经验. The QI must be an active officer of the company. 申请人需要提交申请人的工作经历,以及至少3名对申请人工作经历有第一手了解的非相关推荐人的姓名和联系方式. 如果适用的话, 虚设的商号或商号的章程和国家批准的标识, 和 a certificate of good st和ing for an existing corporation must be submitted.
 
Proof of financial 责任 in the form of a bond, proof of insurance or other surety of $75,000.00 for an NVOCC must be provided.  A person is considered to be "in the United States" if such person is resident in, or incorporated or established under, the laws of the United States.  An NVOCC must publish a tariff containing the actual rates, 指控, 分类, 规则, 规定 共同承运人的惯例或共同承运人会议,并向委员会提交FMC-1表格.
 
What may prevent me from obtaining a license?
Prior to the issuance of a license, 一个人不能表演, 或者坚持表演, ocean intermediary services. Proof of financial 责任 in the form of a surety bond for $50,000.00必须提供.
 
有关OTI发牌规定的规例,可浏览欧洲委员会的网页 www.融合.政府.
 
The information needed to complete the application is available on the website www.融合.政府. 这里有一系列常见的问题和答案,将有助于理解许可程序.
 
在46 CFR第500部分(到最后)中有关于记录维护的信息. 
 
Unfortunately, the NCBFAA cannot recommend anyone 特别是 为了协助你,因为规定但可以告诉你的关税出版公司, 律师事务所, 和 maritime consultants can assist you. 他们有处理申请的经验,知道必须提交的信息. 这些公司中的大多数都可以在万维网或海事相关期刊上找到.
 
NCBFAA cannot specify what the cost of a surety bond will be, because it varies from company to company 和 applicant to applicant.  的资产, 信用记录, 营业时间长短等事项均由担保公司考虑.  They must be approved by the US Treasury Dept. I would recommend trying a few different companies.
 
SHOULD YOU HAVE ANY FURTHER QUESTIONS, 请致电(202)523-5843或以传真(202)与运输中介人办事处联系。 566-0011.
 
 
常见问题
 
Why should exporters use an International 货运代理?
  • 出于同样的原因,一家公司使用会计师来报税——利用专门从事其服务的公司的专业知识.
  • 一般的援助和报价通常是免费提供给出口商
  • Freight forwarders can advise exporters of their responsibilities 和 liabilities
  • 货运代理通过发展物流安排来促进从门到门的每一个过程
  • 货运代理s h和le the export documentation, assist in the h和ling of licensable shipments when required, 和 can offer guidance regarding the importing country requirements.
  • Fees are relatively inexpensive compared to the services provided

 

Do I need to use a freight forwarder?

  • If you maintain a consistent staff, who are well trained in export 规定, 航运物流, 和 destination country 规定 you may not.  Is it worth the risk to try?
     

How do I choose a freight forwarder?

  • 问以下问题:
    • Does the forwarder have an export compliance program?
    • Who will be h和ling your account 和 what is their level of experience?
    • 谁来做后备备用 联系?
       
  • Choose companies who keep up with current 规定
    • 获得联邦海事委员会许可的海洋运输中介机构
    • Air forwarders who members of the International Air Transport Association (IATA)  
    • 保持继续教育课程,包括持有知识证明证书,如认证出口专家
    • Those who are active members of field related associations, such as the National 报关行s 和 Forwarders Association of America, 公司(NCBFAA)
       
  • Choose a freight forwarder who will get to know you to
    • Establish documented compliance (important mitigating factor)
    • Ensure all considerations are met 之前 到货物移动
       
  • Choose the best value, not necessarily the lowest rate
    • Define the services required for the quoted fees
    • Make sure you compare apples to apples
       
  • 选择一家愿意与你合作的公司,建立处理你的业务的程序.
    • Provide the freight forwarder with your expectations
    • Ensure your freight forwarder is aware of your level of experience
    • 与货代共同遵守出口管理规定 

 

Do I need to choose a different freight forwarder in each port?

  • While an exporter can choose as many freight forwarders as necessary, 大多数货代在每个国内和国际港口都有一个代理网络,以便能够处理从美国任何地方到大多数外国目的地的出口货物.                                                                                                                                                       

Note:  This information does not address the functions of an NVOCC, which some freight forwarders are also licensed to operate.  的更多信息, 联系 the National 报关行 和 Forwarders Association of America, 公司(NCBFAA)

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