有关成为货运代理的资料
 
以下资料已载于网站(www.融合.政府) by going to the link for Ocean Transportation Intermediaries (OTI) section (2nd entry on right side column). 在那里 is a form 和 instructions for completing a license application 和 submitting a bond.  See below for a summary of information on how to become a 货运代理 和 Non-Vessel Operating Common Carrier (NVOCC).   
 
If you desire to operate a US company 和 apply for a license as a US based entity you would do the following:
 
  • 获得OTI或货运代理/无船承运人执照是否有测试?
在那里 is not a test requirement to obtain a license to become an 远洋运输中介, which includes licensing as a 货运代理 和/or a Non-Vessel Operating Common Carrier. They are separate 和 different but an entity can apply for 和 be licensed as both.  以下提到的费用不加倍,如果一个实体申请两者.
 
  • 什么是货运代理?
A freight forwarder serves as an agent of the exporter for purposes of arranging cargo transportation 和 related documentation services needed to accomplish an international shipment.  他们的服务 包括, 但并不局限于, 向潜在的美国发货人或外国买家提供出口报价, 航线和订舱货物, 和 arranging transportation from point of origin all the way to the place of ultimate destination. Freight forwarders also prepare or assist in the preparation of the documents needed to accomplish the transportation, 建议美国政府的出口要求, 并为货物在目的国清关出具单据. Additional services, such as collection of funds under a letter of credit or other means as well as 安排 也可提供海运货物保险.  All services are dependent on the requirements 和 agreements with the exporter of record. Note that using a freight forwarder, or any other party, does not relieve the exporter from their 责任 遵守出口规定. Ocean 货运代理s are licensed by the Federal Maritime Commission (46 CFR 515.2)您可以在以下地址验证有效的持牌海运中介机构 www.融合.政府.  Air 货运代理s maintain an IATA number 和 are Indirect Air Carriers regulated by the Transportation Security Administration.  
 
  • 获得许可证的条件是什么?
The basic requirements for licensing as an 远洋运输中介 货运代理 are covered in 46 C.F.R. 515 和 the application process is completed by filing a Form FMC-18 in either paper format (typewritten 和 in duplicate) or electronically.  提交后,申请费用为$825.纸张格式需要00.  如果以电子方式提交,目前需要支付250美元的申请费.  一旦你选择以电子方式提交, 不允许任何书面文件, 除了申请费, e.g., check or money order, 和 an originally signed Part G (Certification) of the application.
 
获取License的步骤
申请人必须先决定是否为独资经营者, 合伙企业或公司. If a person desires to be a sole proprietor the license will be issued in his/her name 和 any trade name they operate under. 所有权和任何从属关系必须在表格上标明.  This is not related only to foreign commerce but is inclusive of all business activity.
 
申请人必须确认符合资格的个人(QI). 这个人必须品行端正, who has a minimum of 3 years of relative experience in the United States working in the shipping//freight h和ling/billing/chartering/ cargo h和ling portion of the Maritime Industry. QI必须是公司的一个活跃的官员. The employment history of the QI 和 the names 和 联系 information of at least 3 non-related references that have first-h和 knowledge of the QI's work experience are required to be submitted. 如果适用的话, the articles of incorporation 和 the state approved identification for a fictitious business or trade name, 并且必须提交现有公司的良好信誉证明.
 
债券形式的经济责任证明, 保险证明或其他保证人$75,000.无船承运人必须提供00.  一个人如果住在美国,就会被认为是“在美国”, 或成立于, 美国的法律.  无船承运人必须公布包含实际费率的运价, 指控, 分类, 规则, 规定 practices of a common carrier or a conference of common carriers 和 file FORM FMC-1 with the Commission.
 
什么可能阻止我获得执照?
在颁发许可证之前, 一个人不能表演, 或者坚持表演, 海洋中介服务. 五万美元保证书形式的经济责任证明.00必须提供.
 
The 规定 concerning OTI licensing requirement may be viewed at the Commission's website www.融合.政府.
 
完成申请所需的信息可以在网站上找到 www.融合.政府. 在那里 are a series of frequently asked questions 和 the answers available that will help underst和 the licensing procedure.
 
在那里 is information available in 46 CFR Part 500 (to the end) about the maintenance of records. 
 
不幸的是,NCBFAA不能推荐任何人 特别是 to assist you because of 规定 but can tell you that tariff publishing companies, 律师事务所, 海事顾问可以帮助你. They have experience in processing applications 和 know the required information that must be submitted. Most of these firms can be located on the World Wide Web, or in Maritime related periodicals.
 
NCBFAA无法具体说明担保债券的成本, 因为不同的公司,不同的申请人有不同的要求.  的资产, 信用记录, length of time in the business among other items are all considered by the surety company.  它们必须得到美国财政部的批准. 我建议你试试不同的公司.
 
你还有什么问题吗, PLEASE CONTACT THE OFFICE OF TRANSPORTATION INTERMEDIARIES BY TELEPHONE AT (202) 523-5843 OR BY TELEFAX AT (202) 566-0011.
 
 
常见问题
 
为什么出口商要使用国际货运代理?
  • For the same reason a company uses an accountant to file their taxes – to utilize the expertise of companies who specialize in their services.
  • General assistance 和 quotations are normally provided without cost to the exporter
  • 货运代理可以告知出口商他们的责任和义务
  • Freight forwarders facilitate each process from door to door by developing the logistical 安排s for the move
  • 货运代理处理出口单据, 如有需要,协助处理须领牌的货物, 并能就进口国的要求提供指导.
  • 与提供的服务相比,费用相对便宜

 

我需要使用货运代理吗?

  • 如果你保持一个稳定的员工, 谁在出口管制方面受过良好的训练, 航运物流, 和目的地国家的规定,你可以不.  值得冒险一试吗?
     

如何选择货代?

  • 问以下问题:
    • 货代是否有出口符合性程序?
    • 谁将处理您的帐户,他们的经验水平如何?
    • 谁来做后备备用 联系?
       
  • 选择符合当前法规的公司
    • Ocean Transportation Intermediaries who are licensed by the Federal Maritime Commission
    • 国际航空运输协会(IATA)成员的航空代理  
    • Those who maintain continuous education programs including holding proof of knowledge certification such as the Certified Export Specialist
    • 积极参与行业相关协会, 比如美国全国海关经纪人和货运代理协会, 公司(NCBFAA)
       
  • 选择一个货运代理谁会了解你
    • 建立文档化的遵从性(重要的减轻因素)
    • 确保所有考虑都得到满足 之前 到货物移动
       
  • 选择最好的价值,而不一定是最低的比率
    • 定义报价费用所需的服务
    • 一定要把两个苹果进行比较
       
  • Choose a company who will work with you to establish the procedures for h和ling your business.
    • 为货运代理提供您的期望
    • 确保你的货运代理知道你的经验水平
    • Establish compliance with export administration 规定 together with your forwarder 

 

我需要在每个港口选择不同的货代吗?

  • 而出口商可以根据需要选择尽可能多的货运代理, most forwarders maintain a network of agents in each domestic 和 international port so that exports can be h和led from anywhere in the United States to most foreign destinations.                                                                                                                                                       

注意:此信息不涉及无船承运人的功能, 哪些货运代理也获发经营牌照.  的更多信息, 联系美国全国海关经纪人和货运代理协会, 公司(NCBFAA)

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